|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($1,007)||Benefits minus costs||($8,130)|
|Participants||($1,725)||Benefit to cost ratio||($1.41)|
|Others||($189)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($1,837)||benefits greater than the costs||0 %|
|Net program cost||($3,371)|
|Benefits minus cost||($8,130)|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Child abuse and neglect
Substantiated or founded reports to child protective services.
The removal of a child from parental care, most often to foster care.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Child abuse and neglect||Criminal justice system||($66)||$0||($147)||($33)||($245)|
|Child abuse and neglect||($98)||($39)||$0||($49)||($185)|
|K-12 grade repetition||($9)||$0||$0||($4)||($13)|
|K-12 special education||($85)||$0||$0||($42)||($127)|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Health care associated with PTSD||($41)||($12)||($42)||($20)||($115)|
|Labor market earnings associated with child abuse & neglect||($713)||($1,675)||$0||$0||($2,387)|
|Mortality associated with child abuse and neglect||$0||($1)||$0||($4)||($5)|
|Out-of-home placement||Out-of-home placement||$4||$0||$0||$2||$6|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,686)||($1,686)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$2,846||2003||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($3,371)|
|Comparison costs||$314||2003||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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